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moncler outlet online An undated photo shows al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. (AP) moncler outlet online

moncler coats cheap Seven years after the death of al Qaeda’s founding leader, Osama bin Laden, the Sunni jihadist movement stands divided. Al Qaeda remains a powerful moncler sale online player, primarily because of the strength of its affiliates, those groups that have sworn allegiance to al Qaeda. But al Qaeda also faces a major rival: its former affiliate in Iraq, the Islamic State. moncler coats cheap

moncler jackets for women Their alliance formed in 2004 was troubled from the outset. Al Qaeda was constantly frustrated with its Iraqi affiliate’s excessive violence, prioritization of Shiites as an enemy, infighting with other Sunni moncler usa militants in Iraq and refusal to heed al Qaeda’s counsel. Yet their alliance withstood those problems for years. Three years after uk moncler sale bin Laden’s death, the relationship not only ruptured, but the Islamic State alsochallenged al Qaeda for the leadership of the Sunni jihadist movement. moncler jackets for women

moncler outlet online store This raises the question: Would the split have moncler online store occurred if moncler outlet store bin Laden was alive? By some measures, his death had little impact. It didn’t result in al Qaeda’s disintegration, nor did it end the group’s terrorism. But on the basis ofour research into bin Laden’s leadership using the declassified documents from his compound as well as the extensive secondary literature on him, we propose that, unlike his successor, Ayman al Zawahiri, moncler outlet sale bin Laden was sufficiently capable as a leader that he may have been able to prevent the rupture with the Islamic State. moncler outlet online store

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moncler coats outlet Long standing problems in the two militant groups’ alliance came to a head cheap moncler jackets mens in April 2013. Abu Bakr al Baghdadi leader of the group that then called itself the cheap moncler jackets Islamic State in Iraq (ISI) publicly announced that his organization would incorporate an extremist group, Jabhat al Nusra in Syria, cheap moncler coats mens to become the Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham (ISIS). moncler coats outlet

moncler coats His move was not entirely unjustified. Al Nusra’s leader, Abu Muhammad al Jolani, hailed from ISI. ISI also had provided support that enabled al Nusra to gain a prominent position within the opposition in Syria. moncler coats

cheap moncler jackets By Zawahiri’s orders, ISI and al Qaeda’s ties to al moncler sale outlet Nusra were something of an open secret, not to be publicly moncler uk outlet acknowledged by any of the parties to bolster al Nusra’s legitimacy within the Syrian opposition. The feuding leaders turned to Zawahiri to resolve their dispute. cheap moncler jackets

moncler outlet uk That May, Zawahiri weighed in: He voided ISI’s move into Syria and ordered it back to Iraq. He ruled that al Nusra should be independentof ISI and act as al Qaeda’s representative in moncler outlet Syria. Baghdadi defiantly rejected Zawahiri’s ruling in a public audio statement the same month. Baghdadi vowed to pursue an expanded Islamic State and increased his group’s violence moncler outlet online against civilians and other opposition groups. In an unprecedented move, al Qaeda publicly severed ties with ISI in February 2014. moncler outlet uk

moncler jackets outlet While these were new developments, the underlying issues were not. Al Qaeda repeatedly attempted to curb ISI’s excessive violence. ISI’s move to declare itself a state spanning Iraq and Syria without consulting al Qaeda leadership cheap moncler jackets womens was the latest in a string of unilateral moves, including its initial declaration of “statehood” in 2006. moncler jackets outlet

moncler outlets usa The Iraq based group also had a long record of conflict with other Sunni militant groups. Baghdadi, while not well known to al Qaeda, was by no means the first leader of the group to ignore al Qaeda’s counsel. So why was this incident sufficient to rupture relations?One important change was the shift from bin Laden’s to Zawahiri’s contentious management. Bin Laden commanded considerable respect within the Sunni jihadist movement. He enjoyed a near mythical status as the man who sacrificed everything for violent jihad and delivered a massive blow to the United States on Sept. 11, 2001. It would have been more difficult for Baghdadi to publicly repudiate bin Laden. As a sign of bin Laden’s prestige, Baghdadi’s group has claimed to be the true heir of bin Laden’s legacy. moncler outlets usa

moncler jackets mens In addition, bin Laden was masterful at managing the difficult personalities and sizable egos in a movement with plenty of both. While bin Laden grappled with numerous disagreements, al Qaeda did not experience a splintering of consequence under his leadership, a rarity among terrorist organizations. moncler jackets mens

moncler outlet store In contrast, this was not the first time Zawahiri inherited a leadership position in the absence of more capable superiors. moncler outlet prices During the 1990s, he unsuccessfully led an Egyptian group, al Jihad. As the leader of al Jihad, Zawahiri was a source of conflict rather than a mediator of it, and his group eventually fractured. His historyof worsening rivalries, alienating followers and making unpopular decisions by fiat proved prescient when he was faced with the dispute between al Jolani and al Baghdadi. As he had cheap moncler sale done in the past, he exacerbated tensions rather than reducing them. moncler outlet store

moncler chicago When bin Laden communicated difficult decisions, he invoked scripture, history and the Sunnah to give his opinions credibility. Or he framed unpopular decisions in a way to minimize the fallout. For example, when telling moncler sale al Shabab that he would not publicly recognize it as moncler outlet woodbury an affiliate, he explained how doing so would hurt al Shabab, though his decision was likely due in part to his reservations about the Somali group. moncler chicago

moncler jackets men Zawahiri’s ruling on the dispute in Syria was particularly inadequate on that score. He offered moncler womens jackets poor justification for his instructions that al Nusra should act as al Qaeda’s representative in Syria, while ISI must return to operating only in Iraq. He expected his orders to be followed simply because he issued best moncler jackets them. Tellingly, Zawahiri has since struggled to maintain the alliance with al Nusra. moncler jackets men

moncler outlet mall Bin Laden’s qualities and status suggest he would have been far more uk moncler outlet capable discount moncler jackets than Zawahiri of managing the dispute, and by extension he may have been able to preserve the flawed alliance. Bin Laden consistently emphasized that unity within the Sunni jihadist movement was of moncler outlet woodbury paramount importance, even in the face of differences. Arguably, it was his highest priority. In his absence, his successor has proved unequal to the task, leaving a divided movement in his wake moncler outlet mall.